Zambia

zambia-flagThe eagle in flight symbolizes the freedom in Zambia and the ability to rise above national problems. Red represents the struggle for freedom, black, the people of Zambia, orange the country’s mineral wealth and green the wildlife and environment. 

Victoria Falls (known to Africans as “The Smoke That Thunders”) is one of the seven natural wonders of the world. If you look at the Victoria Falls’ mist from the correct angle, you will be able to see a circular rainbow. (it is very seldom that we get to see more than the top half of a rainbow).

rainbowZambia is one of the world’s poorest countries and ranked 165th out of 187 on the Human Deveploment Index. Average life-expectancy at birth is 38.6 years.

Zambia is landlocked, you need to travel 600 miles before you can see any real ocean. However, Lake Kariba was Africa’s largest man-made lake until Egypt’s Aswan Dam was put up in 1971. It is so huge that in certain parts of it, unknowing visitors think they are looking at the ocean.

The national symbol is the African Fish Eagle, which looks much like the American Bald Eagle

African fish eagleZambia’s capital Lusaka (originally planned to hold 200,000 people) currently has a population of 1.5 million. Despite this, the entire country’s telephone directory is not even one inch thick.

Termite hills in Zambia often grow to be as big as a cottage. They carry their own unique vegetation and during the rainy season sprout edible mushrooms. One type of mushroom has a cap of 0.91m in diameter, making it the largest mushroom in the world.

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Panama

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The stars and quarters are said to stand for the rival political parties, and the white for the peace in which they operate. Blue was the color of the Conservatives, and red the color of the Liberals

Panama is the only place in the world where you can see the sun rise on the Pacific and set on the Atlantic.

Panama can’t be beat when it comes to bird watching. It is home to more species of birds than the United States and  Canada combined including the Froot Loop bird, the toucan

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In the mountains of the province of Chiriqui lives Harpy Eagle – the largest bird of prey and the sacred bird of the Indians.

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The country has the second largest duty free zone in the world.

Panama grants 30 days of free health and accident insurance to all visitors.

Panama City is the only capital city in the world that has a rain forest within the city limits. It is the second largest rainforest in  the Western hemisphere.

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Panama houses over 10,000 different plants species : about 1,200 varieties of orchids  (including the national flower called Flor del Espiritu Santo), 678 ferns and more than 1,500 varieties of trees

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In the early 80’s it was illegal to jog or exercise if you were wearing a white t-shirt and beige trunks, as dictator Manuel Noriega wanted to jail as many U.S. soldiers as possible, and soldiers wore white t-shirts and beige trunks when jogging.

The country has one Indian tribe, where a sign of the special beauty of women is a big long nose.
They are specially made longitudinal stripes on the nose with black paint in order to visually enlarge it.

Panama hats are typically produced in Ecuador and not made in Panama.

Mauritius

Mauritius flagThe four colors of the Mauritian national flag: red, blue, yellow, and green represent Flamboyant tree, Indian Ocean, the sunshine, and the island’s vegetation respectively.

Mark Twain said : “You gather the idea that Mauritius was made first, and then heaven, and that heaven was copied after Mauritius.”

The dodo bird was found only in Mauritius before it became extinct about 450 years ago. Despite this, Dodo remains Mauritius’ national animal.

Dodo-birdInspired by the Dodo,  Lewis Carroll wrote “Alice in Wonderland” in 1865.

The life expectancy is 73 years, the highest in the world’s developing nations.

Mauritius’s national flower is known as Boucle d’Oreille and blooms around the month of June and October.

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Mauritius is the most densely populated country in Africa and the 17th in the world.

The seven colored earth is one of the well-known attractions in Mauritius. It consists of seven different colored sand dunes, mainly, red, brown, violet, green, purple, blue, and yellow.

Seven-Colored-Earth-4There are no wild animals on this island and even the species of snakes found here are not poisonous.

Mauritius does not have its own standing Army.

There is only one national park, Black River Gorge, but it covers 3% of the island entire area and it is home for 300 flower species and 9 unique birds species including pink pigeon.

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